Winter has already set in! The breezy cold season is the time for explosion of many winter-specific ailments. Often these diseases come with sudden flare of symptoms and require immediate medical attention to ease the issue. Well! Winter season triggers common health issues like cough, cold, fever, asthma, skin dryness, joint pain, and many more. Are you ready with plans to spend the winter vacation healthily? If yes, then here are a few common winter diseases which you need to watch out as precautions and on-time treatment can help prevent the onset and severity of these diseases.
Here in this article, we have listed a few winter diseases and their remedies. So, read on the article and find easy tips to prevent winter health problems. Let’s take care of our health and the people around us!
Common winter diseases and their remedies:
Flu or influenza is a common viral infection which is seen in individuals especially during the winter days. Flu is super-contagious and affects the respiratory system including lungs, throat, and nose. A few common symptoms of flu include runny nose, chest congestion, ear pain, fever, chillness, sweating, headache, sore throat, shortness of breath, and persistent cough. Getting a flu shot every winter season is a safe way to protect yourself from the attack of the influenza virus.
- Wash your hands frequently to prevent flu germs entering the body
- Maintain physical distance and avoid contact with people who have flu symptoms
- Drink ample amount of fluids every day
- Take plenty of rest
- Improve your immunity by taking zinc supplements or multivitamin supplements which contain zinc
- Gargle with saltwater to soothe your throat
- Include herbal teas as they have anti-oxidant benefits and germ-fighting properties
Individuals with arthritis might encounter severe pain in the joints and rear with stiffened muscles during the winter days. Individuals may also experience fatigue, swelling, stiffness, and pains which are difficult to control during winter. Regular physical exercise may help reduce joint pains.
- Wear warm winter clothes and cover the areas like legs, hand, and knees
- Regular sun exposure is a must to boost vitamin D levels in the body
- Include omega-3 fatty acid-rich foods like fish, walnuts, flaxseeds, and avocados in the diet
- Stay well hydrated
- Watch out your calorie intake
- Have a well-balanced diet
- Stay active
3. Acute ear infection:
Ear infections characterized with ear pain, redness and discharge from the ear, are very common during the winter in both adults and children. Ear infections mostly occur due to upper respiratory infections like common cold and flu. The ear infection is caused due to the inflammation caused by bacteria or virus.
- Sleeping upright could ease the pain and pressure in the middle ear
- Use warm or cold compress near the painful area
- Take over-the-counter medications and use ear drops to relieve ear pain
- Practice neck rotation exercises to relieve pressure in the ear canal
4. Itchy skin:
Dry-itchy skin is the first symptom that individuals experience as soon as the winter starts. During cold weather, the perspiration on the skin lowers and due to the lack of natural oils, the skin tends to dry and get itchy. A few lifestyle changes can help keep the skin healthy and moisturized and prevent itchy skin, redness, swelling, flaking, bumps, blisters, and dryness.
- Reduce your bathing time to less than 5 minutes
- Apply intensive moisturizer after the bath and before hitting the bed
- Use a humidifier in the room
- Take a warm shower and avoid hot water bath
- Maintain a healthy diet
- Stay well hydrated
- Include Vitamin D supplements
- Protect yourself with warm clothes while heading out
Winter brings a challenging time for asthma patients as the airways become swollen and inflamed due to cold and dry air. Also, the inhalation of the cold air increases the chemical called Histamine in the body that triggers asthma and wheezing symptoms.
- Drink more fluids during the winter season. This helps to loosen the mucus in the lungs and removes phlegm easily
- Use prescription medicines as suggested by the doctor
- Never forget to carry an inhaler with you while heading out
- Use a mask or scarf to protect yourself from cold air passing by
- Get a flu shot annually
- Limit exercising outdoors
- Manage stress
A sudden dip in the atmospheric temperature can often trigger numerous diseases during the winter times. The above listed are a few common winter illnesses that can take a toll on your overall health, if left untreated. Follow the above precautionary measures and protect yourself and your family members from winter infections and diseases.