TESTS TO BE DONE
The A1C test also known as HbA1C or glycosylated haemoglobin test can analyse prediabetes and diabetes.
It measures your average blood glucose levels over the past 2-3 months. This test is increasingly helpful on the grounds that no fasting is required. An A1C of 5.7 percent to 6.4 percent implies that you have prediabetes, and you're at high hazard for the advancement of diabetes. Diabetes is analysed when the A1C is 6.5 percent or higher.
Fasting plasma Glucose test
A fasting plasma glucose test estimates your blood glucose levels after fasting for 8 hours before the test. This test is utilized to identify diabetes or prediabetes.
Normal fasting blood glucose level is less than 100mg/dl, if the blood glucose levels are between 100 – 125mg/dl it implies that you have prediabetes and if it is greater than or equal to 126/mg/dl it is the borderline at which diabetes can be diagnosed.
Random plasma glucose test
A blood test will be taken at a random time. Despite when you last ate, an irregular glucose level of 200 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL) or higher proposes diabetes. It is used to diagnose diabetes not prediabetes.
Glucose challenge test
Glucose challenge test/glucose screening test is a test to diagnose gestational diabetes. A blood sample is drawn 1 hour after having a liquid containing glucose. You don't have to fast for this test. If your blood glucose level is 135-140 mg/dl or more, you may need to return for an oral glucose tolerance test while fasting.
Glucose tolerance test
An oral glucose tolerance test estimates your glucose levels after fasting overnight 8 hours before the test and two hours after you drink a glucose-containing liquid.
A blood glucose level under 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. A reading equal to or greater than 200 mg/dL following two hours shows diabetes. A reading between the range of 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) suggests prediabetes. This test can be utilized to analyse diabetes or prediabetes.
Post prandial glucose test
A postprandial glucose test is a blood glucose test that estimates glucose levels in blood exactly 2 hours after a meal. By this point glucose normally returns down in healthy individuals, however it might be raised in individuals with diabetes. Along these lines, it fills in as a trial of whether an individual may have diabetes, or of whether an individual who has diabetes is effectively controlling their glucose.
C peptide test
C peptide test is a blood test done to determine whether you are type 1 diabetic or type 2 diabetic or insulin resistant.