Medicines to treat Type 1 Diabetes
Insulin is the most prescribed drug for type 1 and type 2 diabetes treatment.
The kind of insulin you need relies upon how extreme your insulin exhaustion is. There are several types of insulin, and they each work in an alternate way which include
Short acting Insulins
Long acting insulin
Medicines to treat Type 2 Diabetes
They work by reducing glucose production in the liver, improving insulin sensitivity of the body and reducing the absorption of sugar in the intestine.
They work by increasing the secretion of Insulin in the pancreas.
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors
They work by reducing insulin secretion in the body and increasing the elimination of glucose from the gut.
This class of drugs work by increasing the utilization of glucose as an energy source, thereby reducing their available levels in the body.
These work by reducing the absorption of glucose from the intestine after meals, thereby preventing a sharp rise in blood sugar levels after meals
Meglitinide Analogs; D- Phenylalanine derivative
These drugs work by stimulating a short burst of insulin secretion. They are fast acting and their effect is short lived.
Glucagon-like polypeptide -1(GLP-1) receptor agonists
These drugs work by stimulating the release of insulin after meals, which improves insulin sensitivity in the body and reduces blood sugar.
Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors
These work by preventing the re-absorption of glucose by the kidneys, which results in the excess blood glucose being flushed out in the urine
Islet amyloid polypeptide analog
It acts by preventing a spike in sugar levels after meals in addition to improving satiety and helping the person feel full after meals for longer duration.
They work by improving the glucose tolerance of the body, which also causes a decrease in the production of glucose in the liver and increased insulin resistance
Combination of drugs
- Metformin+ Alogliptin
- Glyburide + Metformin
- Metformin + Glimepiride
- Metformin + Gliclazide
- Metformin + Pioglitazone
- Metformin + Voglibose
- Metformin + Pioglitazone + Glimepiride
- Metformin + Voglibose + Glimepiride
- Metformin + Atorvastatin + Glimepride
- Sitagliptin + Metformin
- Teneligliptin + Metformin
- Glybenclamide + Metformin + Pioglitazone
You are highly recommended not to self-medicate and your doctor will prescribe the drug which is best for you based on the type of diabetes you have.