DIABETES

TOP DRUGS

Top Drugs

Medicines to treat Type 1 Diabetes

Insulin is the most prescribed drug for type 1 and type 2 diabetes treatment.

The kind of insulin you need relies upon how extreme your insulin exhaustion is. There are several types of insulin, and they each work in an alternate way which include

Short acting Insulins
Intermediate acting
Long acting insulin
Premixed insulins
Medicines to treat Type 2 Diabetes
Biguanides

They work by reducing glucose production in the liver, improving insulin sensitivity of the body and reducing the absorption of sugar in the intestine.

Sulfonylureas

They work by increasing the secretion of Insulin in the pancreas.

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors

They work by reducing insulin secretion in the body and increasing the elimination of glucose from the gut.

Thiazolidinediones

This class of drugs work by increasing the utilization of glucose as an energy source, thereby reducing their available levels in the body.

Alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitors

These work by reducing the absorption of glucose from the intestine after meals, thereby preventing a sharp rise in blood sugar levels after meals

Meglitinide Analogs; D- Phenylalanine derivative

These drugs work by stimulating a short burst of insulin secretion. They are fast acting and their effect is short lived.

Glucagon-like polypeptide -1(GLP-1) receptor agonists

These drugs work by stimulating the release of insulin after meals, which improves insulin sensitivity in the body and reduces blood sugar.

Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors

These work by preventing the re-absorption of glucose by the kidneys, which results in the excess blood glucose being flushed out in the urine

Islet amyloid polypeptide analog

It acts by preventing a spike in sugar levels after meals in addition to improving satiety and helping the person feel full after meals for longer duration.

Dopamine agonist

They work by improving the glucose tolerance of the body, which also causes a decrease in the production of glucose in the liver and increased insulin resistance

Combination of drugs

Special Note:

You are highly recommended not to self-medicate and your doctor will prescribe the drug which is best for you based on the type of diabetes you have.