TESTS TO BE DONE
There is no particular test to detect PCOD/PCOS. Your doctor will evaluate the symptoms you have been experiencing along with the physical examination and blood tests.
Your doctor will examine your reproductive organs to confirm whether there are any abnormal growths or masses.
In blood tests the following hormones are evaluated for diagnosing PCOD/PCOS.
- Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) – The values of FSH will be normal or low with PCOS
- Luteinizing hormone – LH values will be elevated
- Testosterone – Testosterone hormone levels are usually elevated
- Estrogens – Estrogen hormone levels may be normal or elevated
- Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) – SHBG levels may be reduced
- Androstenedione – Androstenedione levels may be elevated
- Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) – AMH levels are increased in PCOS
Abdominal ultrasound is a type of imaging test which is done to visualize the female parts such as uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries. Before performing abdominal ultrasound, your urinary bladder must be full. So, you will be requested to drink more water. The ultrasound waves are reflected as an image and this image of the organs will be seen in the computer.
Trans vaginal ultrasound
Trans vaginal ultrasound is performed to examine woman's uterus, ovaries, tubes, cervix and pelvic area. The ultrasound probe will be covered with a latex/plastic sheath along with a gel and is inserted into the vagina. Image of the organs being tested can be seen in a computer. Usually done to detect problems such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, menstrual problems. It is not recommended for unmarried women.