BEST & WORST FOODS FOR THYROID
WHAT TO EAT
Iodized table salt
Iodine is a vital nutrient generally found in green leafy vegetables, seafoods, eggs and dairy products, naturally. Not receiving enough iodine in your diet can lead to problems such as hypothyroidism and enlarged thyroid gland (goitre) which can cause fatigue, muscle weakness and weight gain. To avoid all thyroid related diseases the government introduced and stressed upon iodized salt (Iodine in salt) in April 1986. Since then there has been a visible decrease of diseases like- goitre and thyroiditis. However, due to poor diet and genetic reasons some of the thyroid related diseases still exist.
According to RDA (Recommended dietary allowance), recommendation of iodine for adult men and women are 150 microgram per day. For pregnant women 220mcg and for lactating women 290 mcg per day is ideally recommended. But if the person is suffering from hyperthyroidism, please avoid iodized table salt. So, it is very important to know which type of thyroid imbalance a person is living with.
Spinach is the powerhouse of many phytonutrients. It can be one of the best ingredients for thyroid related disorders. It contains good amount of magnesium, zinc, manganese, copper, potassium, calcium, fiber, vitamin A, C, K, B1, B2, B6, folate(B9), along with antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin, and β-carotene.
Additionally, it is highly beneficial for people living with conditions like diabetes, heart disorders, thyroid, hypertension and obesity.
Almonds are the rich source of protein, omega 3, fiber, selenium, magnesium and zinc. These nutrients can keep your thyroid functions smooth and fully functioning. Cashew nuts are also a good source of zinc which plays an important role in overall thyroid mechanisms. Zinc and magnesium help in the conversion of inactive T4 thyroid hormone to active T3 thyroid hormone.
Whole egg is loaded with many powerful minerals like selenium, magnesium, zinc and iodine which help to protect the thyroid gland against oxidative damages and also support in the production of thyroid hormone.
Seafoods such as fish, carbs, seaweed, shrimp, prawn, smoked fish etc contain natural and healthy iodine which help thyroid gland to release certain hormones. These thyroid hormones are important for body’s metabolism, proper bone health, and brain development during pregnancy and infancy (early childhood). Vegetarians should take iodine from green leafy vegetables, dairy products and iodized salt.
WHAT NOT TO EAT
To increase the shelf life of food items, food industries mostly mix extra amount of salt and preservatives in the food items. Patients with thyroid conditions should reduce their daily sodium consumption, hence should completely avoid processed foods. However, people with hypothyroidism should take recommended amount of iodine as iodine deficiency can lead to enlargement of the thyroid gland (Goiter).
Heated foods in plastic
There has been proven research that heating food in plastic releases cancer-causing chemicals called dioxins into food. When food is wrapped in plastic or placed in a plastic container and microwaved, BPA (bisphenol A) and phthalates can leak into the food.
BPA and phthalates are supposed to be endocrine dissident. These are substances that imitate human hormones and are not good for human consumptions. No matter how safe plastics claim to be, it’s best to trust on the profusion of glass and stainless storage choices that are available.
Nutrition experts hint that high consumption of soy products can be harmful for people with thyroid conditions. Soya contains isoflavones which interfere in thyroid functioning if consumption is higher. Some experts have hypothesized that isoflavones present in soy act like weak estrogens and may also hamper the body's synthesis of thyroid hormones. Some indication suggests that soy foods, by preventing absorption, may increase the dose of thyroid hormone that is required by hypothyroid patients.
Gluten is a protein mainly found in wheat, barley and rye. Thyroid conditions mostly surface with a few problems such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, graves' disease or hashimoto's thyroiditis. There is a connection between hashimoto's thyroiditis and gluten intolerance (celiac disease) because both are autoimmune disorder. If you have both thyroid condition and gluten sensitivity, you have to remove gluten from your diet totally because it affects your digestive tract.
There are also food sensitivity/ allergy tests available in Zoylo to detect which allergy or sensitivity is creating problem in your body.
Broccoli, kale, cauliflower, brussels sprouts etc are the cruciferous vegetables. These vegetables contain sulfur-containing compounds called glucosinolates which are considered goitrogens. In many researches, it is noticed that they can interfere with the production of thyroid hormone. However, they don’t need to be avoided totally and can be consumed well-cooked in moderation.
All the compilation of the content presented has been curated by medical experts. However, this content is specifically designed for promoting health awareness and information only. This content is not a substitute or replacement of any physician’s advice/diagnosis or consultation.
For any health-related queries and opinions one must contact his/her preferred doctor or take second opinions at [email protected]