Coronavirus is giving jitters across the world and people are baffling to fight it with their knowledge and preventive tips. The virus is still mysterious and every other day, it surprises with a new fact about itself which nullifies many of the previous perceptions. In such a scenario, keeping pace with the latest information and relying on WHO’s latest update is what can keep us safe and enrich our knowledge on this deadly virus.
There are many questions and doubts shrouding our minds and a few basic of them are answered here in this post which is based on WHO’s publication about the virus.
1. What is COVID 19?
COVID 19 is a highly infectious disease caused by the recently discovered strain of Coronavirus. The outbreak of this new and unknown virus was first identified in Wuhan, China in December, 2019.
2. Why COVID 19 is declared a pandemic?
- The alarming levels of spread across the world and the severity of the disease have made WHO characterize COVID-19 as a pandemic. The virus is highly infectious and humans have become one of the active carriers of the virus across geographies which has bewildered the world.
- COVID-19 is the first pandemic disease caused by a Coronavirus.
3. What are the symptoms of COVID 19?
Individuals have symptoms ranging from mild illness to pneumonia. The symptoms include:
- Sore throat
- Dry cough
- Shortness of breath
- Nasal congestion
4. How does COVID-19 spread?
The virus spreads through:
- The respiratory droplets from the infected people
- Touching the surfaces or objects that have a virus on it, then touching one’s nose, mouth, and eyes
- Breathing the droplets from the infected person who coughs out
5. Does COVID 19 spread through the air?
Studies, till date, suggest that the virus is not transmitted by air but through respiratory droplets.
6. What is the incubation period for COVID 19?
An individual can show up the beginning of the symptoms from 1 to 14 days after getting infected with the virus.
7. How to avoid the risk of infection?
Follow these precautions to protect yourself and to prevent the risk of infection:
- Avoid handshakes
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water
- Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, and nose
- Use alcohol-based hand rub
- Cover the mouth and nose with the tissues when coughing or sneezing
- Avoid close contact with individuals who already have cold or flu-like symptoms
- Avoid crowds or large gatherings as much as possible
- Avoid unnecessary travel
- Maintain at least 1-meter distance between yourself or anyone who is coughing or sneezing
- Seek medical care to monitor your health for the symptoms indicative of COVID 19
- If you are sick, stay at home.
8. Do I need to wear a medical mask?
- The medical mask is advised for the people who have respiratory symptoms like cough and cold.
- Don’t wear a mask if you don’t have flu-like symptoms.
- Dispose of the mask properly to avoid the risk of transmitting the disease to other individuals.
9. Who is at the risk of developing serious illness from COVID 19?
Older people with pre-existing medical conditions such as diabetes, cancer, hypertension, lung disease, and heart disease are at a higher chance of developing the disease.
10. Does an antibiotic work for preventing or treating COVID 19?
No! Antibiotics are used to treat only bacterial infections and hence it shouldn’t be used to treat COVID 19.
11. Can a new mom breastfeed the baby if she is infected with COVID 19?
If you display cough, cold, fever, or breathing difficulties, contact your doctor immediately and follow the instructions as provided by your healthcare provider.
12. Can pregnant women pass COVID 19 to her fetus?
- Currently, there is no evidence to show the transmission of COVID 19 from the mother to the unborn baby during her pregnancy cycle.
- Follow the necessary precautions and protect yourself from getting infected with the virus. Also seek medical care immediately if you start experiencing the symptoms like cough, cold, fever, or respiratory ailments.
13. Whom to contact in doubt? What is the helpline number to address queries related to Coronavirus (Covid-19)?
The Union Health Ministry has activated a toll-free 24×7 national helpline number – 1075 – to address all queries concerning the disease. The previous number 011-239 78046 will continue to be operational. Besides this, the government has also issued a helpline email ID – [email protected]
WHO is constantly updating the world about latest findings and data on Coronavirus. The information shared here might change or see a new fate based on the latest research outcomes.
Keep informed! Be Safe!