The biological phenomenon of a woman is no more a secret. The detailed information about menstrual cycles, pregnancy, perimenopause, and menopause are a few things that every girl and woman should be aware of to pass the phase in a healthy state of mind and body. In this blog, I will discuss about the phenomenon of menopause, which is defined as the cessation of menstrual cycle. There may be some variation in the menopause age, however, commonly it happens between the age of late 40s and early 50s.
Few things you must know about menopause are listed below.
1. Difference between perimenopause and menopause
Perimenopause is the phase just before the beginning of menopause.
In this stage, a woman might get irregular periods, gap between two menstrual cycles, and menopause symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, and little weight gain. It happens because there is less production of female hormones from the ovaries. Once there is no menstruation for continued 12 months, the phase of menopause is said to be started.
2. How to recognise you are getting hot flashes
Many times, women fail to realize that they are getting hot flashes due to menopause.
The main symptoms of hot flashes are a feeling of rise in body temperature, redness of skin, sweating, heart palpitations, and dizziness. Once the flashes end, you may find your body cold and normal again. The episodes of hot flashes may come several time in a day and may continue for a year or more.
3. How to manage hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause
A few things that can help you manage this transition in the body is breathing exercises, easy dressing, AC or fan in your work area, hormone replacement therapy, and other medications diagnosed by the gynaecologist.
Avoid triggers like alcohol, smoking, spicy food, and caffeine.
4. Menopause may affect your bone and heart health
Due to lack of oestrogen, the amount of calcium in your bone may decline making your prone to fractures and osteoporosis. Also, the elasticity of arteries reduces leading to affecting the normal blood flow. This condition may lead to cardiac palpitations.
Try to take a healthy diet for calcium and consult your doctor who may suggest a supplement. Exercising regularly and maintaining a good body weight is important for your heart.
5. Menopause in women with hysterectomy
Signs of menopause will not be clear in women who have undergone hysterectomy. Only the identification of hot flashes may give you some signal of ongoing menopause. There are some blood tests which can find out the estrogen level to discover whether the ovaries are still working on not. Timely diagnosis will help you seek some treatment to prevent osteoporosis due to menopause.
6. Hormone replacement therapy is not safe for everyone
There are some medical conditions which may prevent you to take HRTs. Discuss your medical history in details with the doctor. Opting for some lifestyle changes to manage the symptoms of menopause is always a better choice. Avoid triggers, reduce the room temperature, dress lightly, exercise regularly, and try for weight loss to pass this phase without any hard medication.
Conclusion: Menopause is a natural phenomenon which happens to every woman. A little awareness about the upcoming phase of life may help in designing ways to face it and pass it easily. Develop your own remedies which works better for you while seeking medical advices time to time.