Understanding PCOS and ways to cope with it

Many women are aware of the word ‘’PCOS’’. This hormonal disorder is caused due to many reasons. Researchers are still unaware of the exact cause behind it. There are many factors which can increase the risk of PCOS, some of them are family history, obesity and insulin resistance. 

PCOS and its symptoms

PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) or polycystic ovarian disease is one of the common disorders which leads to the formation of cysts in the ovaries of women. These cysts are formed due to the excess production of a hormone known as ‘’androgen’’. The most common symptoms experienced by people with PCOS are irregular periods, infertility, facial hair, weight gain, acne, mood swings, irregular menstrual cycle and fatigue. It is possible to have PCOS without experiencing these symptoms too.

What happens when someone has PCOS

Did you know that PCOS is the common cause of infertility in women? Research says that PCOS can occur during the reproductive age primarily spanning from 18 years to 40 years of age. In some cases, it can even begin after first menstrual period. A healthy ovary releases one egg, this process is known as ovulation. Due to the excess production of androgen, egg from ovaries are not released on a regular basis and eventually results in infertility. 

As discussed above, the exact cause is unknown and sometimes genetic or environmental factors also play a role in surfacing of the condition. However, there are some ways which can aid in managing the symptoms to some extent. Instead of panicking and worrying, try to follow these suggestions in your day-to-day life. Also note that medical intervention is also quite important in this case, hence you must consult a doctor for proper treatment.

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Tips to cope up with PCOS 

Make positive lifestyle changes

  • People with PCOS tend to gain more weight, which makes the disorder even worse. Hence weight management is very much important for managing the condition. No need to go for heavy exercises and you can just go for a small walk of 15-20 minutes daily. You can also try some light exercises like aerobics, swimming and zumba. 
  • Women with PCOS have a high risk for developing diabetes because of the insulin resistance. So being physically active and monitoring weight can help you reduce the risk. Don’t fall for the quick weight loss techniques which are offered these days. It is always better to lose weight in a natural and healthy way even if it takes time. Check with your doctor before starting any exercise. They might guide you in choosing the best and right activity.

Know the right foods

  • Diet plays a crucial role in our overall wellbeing. Women who are suffering with PCOS should consume high protein and natural foods such as green leafy vegetables, strawberries, blueberries, nuts, quinoa, fish, eggs etc. 
  • Bid bye to junk foods because they contain unwanted fat. Don’t get tempted for deep fried foods, carbonated drinks and artificial juices. Research also suggests that the consumption of carbohydrates should be limited. You can also consult a dietician and get specific meal plan based on your condition.

Consider going for a medical treatment

  • Although monitoring weight and lifestyle helps in managing the symptoms, the condition might not get cured completely. In order to get it cured, one must seek an appointment with a gynaecologist. Your doctor will take a note of the symptoms you are experiencing along with the dates of your menstrual cycle to study your condition and suggest appropriate treatment. 
  • Usually pelvic examination, transvaginal ultrasound and blood tests are done for the diagnosis. After the diagnosis, doctor might prescribe some hormone-regulating pills to regulate the hormonal imbalance. The treatment plan differs from person to person based on the severity of the condition.

Along with the healthy diet and regular physical activity, managing stress is also very important to deal with PCOS. Focus on healthy lifestyle changes like having adequate sleep, keeping yourself hydrated by drinking enough water, and quitting unhealthy habits like smoking and alcohol.

Take care of your health and be safe!