The mounting respiratory tract infections during the monsoon months along with COVID-19 pandemic are putting new challenges in front of the people and all the Covid warriors across the world. One of the most common and visible concern observed these days is Hypo-vitaminosis D. Yes! The advice to stay indoors than usual and the variation in weather condition may cause vitamin D deficiency in the human body. Hence, to evade the risk of poor health outcome from COVID-19 and to avoid the deficiency, Vitamin D supplementation may be beneficial, especially among older individuals.
Low vitamin D level in the body may increase the susceptibility to upper respiratory tract infections. Though, the general remedy that most of us follow to limit the attack of acute infections in the body is by the intake of food and supplements. During the pandemic, the time spent outdoors are highly restricted, hence, to maintain immune homeostasis, it is necessary to include vitamin D supplements in the diet. Yes! As a preventive measure to protect bone, muscle, dental health, upper respiratory tract infections, influenza, and vitamin D deficiency, it is vital to take vitamin D supplements as it inhibits pulmonary inflammatory responses while improving innate mechanism in the body against the respiratory pathogens.
Ongoing studies show that vitamin D deficiency is more predominant among COVID 19 patients admitted in the ICU. Hence, the therapeutic role of vitamin D in the affected COVID-19 individuals requires a detailed study.
What is the role of vitamin D in the body?
- The essential role of vitamin D is to absorb calcium from the gut. Vitamin D helps to improve bone and muscle development and also keeps the teeth stronger and healthy.
- Vitamin D stimulates the production of Cathelicidin peptide which has shown antimicrobial activity against fungi, bacteria, and virus.
- It inhibits the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, thereby increasing anti-inflammatory cytokines in the body.
- Vitamin D boosts the immune system.
- Maintains lung and cardiovascular health.
- Reduces high blood pressure.
- Promotes kidney function.
The significance of vitamin D during COVID-19:
Taking good care of health during the current pandemic storm is vital to keep our body strong, boost the defence mechanism of our body, and prevent the infection. Hence, taking the right dietary supplements is necessary for maintaining overall health and wellbeing during pandemic times. Yes! Consuming the key micronutrient, Vitamin D along with practising healthy lifestyle habits give an array of health benefits and enhances the body’s immune response to viruses during the current pandemic crisis.
The reduction of vitamin D synthesis is apparent among older individuals and people with co-morbid condition. Hence, to reduce the impact and to maintain adequate vitamin D level, it is necessary to manage the levels through foods and supplements.
Dosage and vitamin D levels in the body:
Though vitamin D is safe to add to your daily diet, exceeding the daily recommended dosage may pose health risks in the long run. So, consult your doctor before you add dietary supplements in your diet, especially if you are having any existing medical condition like kidney disease.
What happens when the body has low levels of vitamin D?
Well! Low levels of vitamin D may cause weakening of the bones and muscles making them more fragile. Also, the low bone density leads to easy breakage or fractures of the bones. So, managing healthy vitamin-D levels is crucial as it helps the body to fight against immune cell inflammation.
Vitamin D is a global health issue found among individuals irrespective of their age and gender! Any underlying spectrum of diseases and conditions in individuals may increase the vulnerability and severity of COVID-19 infections. Good management of vitamin D levels protects the body from infectious diseases and provides a better response to any ongoing treatment. Include foods such as mushrooms, fortified foods, orange juice, soy milk, dairy products, egg yolk, and oily fish in your diet which are rich in vitamin D and helps to regulate your immune system while reducing the replication of respiratory viruses. Also, consider a vitamin D supplement if your diet and lifestyle keeps you deprived of the required vitamin.
It’s your turn to boost your immune system!
So, adhere to a healthy lifestyle and consider supplements if you have limited access to sunlight!